Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural by G. E. R. Lloyd

By G. E. R. Lloyd

Western philosophy and technological know-how are answerable for developing a few strong instruments of research, aiming at researching the reality, providing strong causes, verifying conjectures, exhibiting that inferences are sound and demonstrating effects conclusively. against this reasoning that relies on analogies has usually been seen with suspicion. Professor Lloyd first explores the origins of these Western beliefs, criticises a few of their excesses and redresses the stability in favour of looser, admittedly non-demonstrative analogical reasoning. For this he is taking examples either from historic Greek and chinese language proposal and from the fabrics of contemporary ethnography to teach how diverse old and smooth cultures have constructed varied sorts of reasoning. He additionally develops unique yet debatable rules, that of semantic stretch (to solid doubt at the literal/metaphorical dichotomy) and the multidimensionality of truth (to skip the realism as opposed to relativism and nature as opposed to nurture controversies).

Show description

Read Online or Download Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Human Reasoning PDF

Best philosophical logic & language books

The Logic of Scientific Discovery (Routledge Classics)

Defined through the thinker A. J. Ayer as a piece of 'great originality and power', this e-book revolutionized modern considering on technological know-how and information. principles such as the now mythical doctrine of 'falsificationism' electrified the clinical group, influencing even operating scientists, in addition to post-war philosophy.

Formal Ontology and Conceptual Realism: 339 (Synthese Library)

Theories in regards to the ontological constitution of the area have in general been defined in casual, intuitive phrases. This e-book deals an account of the final positive aspects and technique of formal ontology. The booklet defends conceptual realism because the top process to undertake according to a good judgment of common varieties.

Philosophical Logic (Princeton Foundations of Contemporary Philosophy)

Philosophical good judgment is a transparent and concise serious survey of nonclassical logics of philosophical curiosity written by way of one of many world's top gurus at the topic. After giving an summary of classical good judgment, John Burgess introduces 5 vital branches of nonclassical good judgment (temporal, modal, conditional, relevantistic, and intuitionistic), targeting the occasionally challenging dating among formal gear and intuitive motivation.

The Essential Dewey: Ethics, Logic, Psychology: Volume 2

As well as being one of many maximum technical philosophers of the 20th century, John Dewey (1859-1952) used to be a tutorial innovator, a innovative period reformer, and one among America’s final nice public intellectuals. Dewey’s insights into the issues of public schooling, immigration, the clients for democratic executive, and the relation of spiritual religion to technological know-how are as clean this day as after they have been first released.

Extra resources for Analogical Investigations: Historical and Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Human Reasoning

Sample text

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.32 of 5 – based on 24 votes